Human Behavior

People have always had diverging opinions on whether one’s
behavior can change depending on situations one is subjected to. Since time of
immemorial, human beings have exhibited divergent behaviors which have been
attributed to different reasons one of them being the cultural background as
well as the behavior of the society they are brought out in.  It is thus paramount to appreciate these
opinions since they form the basis of understanding how human beings respond
and behave when they are subjected to certain conditions. We cannot wholly
remove human beings from the environment they live in since it has a bearing on
their general behavior and conduct. There is always a reason why people behave
the way they behave. Prison have for a long time tried to put in place
rehabilitation programs that are aimed at changing the bad behavior of the
offenders in an attempt to make them better persons. My own stand on
rehabilitation programs is that they can change the behavior of the offenders
if well administered. This paper seeks to have an in-depth look on how
rehabilitation programs can be effective in changing behavior of the offenders
and make them better persons once they finish their sentence.

In yester years, prisons were widely viewed as a place that
was aimed as punishing the law breakers with a view of making them pay for
their bad deeds in the society, country and world at large. This concept has
changed gradually with prisons being mandated to come up with rehabilitation
programs that are targeted in improving and shaping the law offenders in such a
way that they can fit well in the society once they finish their jail term. The
main question here is looking at the effectiveness of the rehabilitation
programs that are on increase in prisons across the globe.behaviour is

A number of rehabilitation have designed and implemented in
most prisons across the world and their main purpose being to enhance and
inculcate good behavior that is within the laws that govern the country. The
prisoners are normally expected to fit well in the society and change from
their bad ways of conducting themselves and abiding by the law to become better
citizens. This change is expected to be reflected on their behavior change as
well as preventing them from re-offending again. Learning is said to take place
when there is change in behavior. Some theories support the assertion that
ones’ behavior can change based on stimulus that are presented. Borrowing from
a number of behavioral change theories that have been tested for a number of decades,
it is true to say that behavior of a person can change. It is important to know
that for behavior to change, number factors come into play. The desired behavior needs to be reinforced over a
period of time before one gets conditioned to such reinforcement. One of the
widely used theories that are associated with behavior change is the Pavlov conditioning theory. According to this theory,
positive reinforcement brings about behavior change. Some opponent of the
effectiveness of prisons’ rehabilitation programs have used statistics that
indicate around 90% of prison convicts are likely to commit crime again once
they are released to the society. The weakness of looking at the rehabilitation
program in isolation is the fact that one cannot convincingly tell where the
problem lies. The challenge that most convicts face once they get out of the
prison is dejection from the society. The society should be ready welcome such
people back to the society, give them the support they need in order play part
in reforming such convicts. More often than not, society tends to delink itself
from non-law abiders and this frustrates the convicts, making them feel less
welcomed individuals in that society. This
means the problem is not with the rehabilitation programs offered but rather a
de-link on the chain of the reform program that is supposed to extend to the
society and country at large. Some prisoners are reported to behave well while
serving their sentence, only to have adverse change once they go back to the
society. This therefore point out on the assertion that rehabilitation program
contribute to behavior change. The stumbling block in rehabilitation program is
the manner in which they are implemented. Taking note of the ever increasing
number of law breakers, it becomes difficult to effectively administer the
rehabilitation programs to such big population making it lack the effectiveness
that it was designed for. To overcome this challenge, the implementers of the
rehabilitation programs should look forward to inculcate the knowledge to the
convicts on importance of changing their uncoming behavior regardless of the
population the handle. This means they need to collaborate with government in
order to be given adequate human resource who can assist in disseminating
knowledge to the convicts.

 The adage that an old
dog cannot be taught new tricks is misused by opponents of prisons
rehabilitation programs. The facts is that an old dog can still learn new
things and tricks, the only that than might be affected is the rate at which it
can assimilate the new concepts.

Environment has been associated to playing a pivotal role in
development of human behavior. It has been found that our interaction with the
environment determines the manner in which we behave and goes further to point
out that even observation alone can make an individual change the way he
behaves. This forms an important basis for program designers for rehabilitating
prisoners to pay attention to. By this, the rehabilitation program will focus
to an individual rather than having a blanket program for all prisoners. For
behavioral change to take, the background of a person is important so as to
understand the main key factors that could have contributed towards a certain
behavior. Early interactions like peer group, school attended and society at
large help in shaping ones’ behavior either positively or negatively. This
affirms that rehabilitation programs in prison can change behavior of the
convict to the desired one if well administered. This theory therefore supports
the assertion of being in a position to change behavior of a person regardless
of the age, though it does not underscore the fact that children have more
brain cells than grown ups, meaning it is easier to change behavior of young
people than that of adults.

blue print identity theory as put forward by…. Presupposes that, as early as
during the child birth, every individual has got distinct characters that are
brought forth by genetic make-up.  It
further notes that such behavior like aggression, humble and politenesses are
observable at an early stage. This theory can therefore be used to group
offenders in various distinct classes depending on the nature of crimes they
committed. This will aid in understanding their behavior and which programs can
be suitable to suppress such unacceptable behavior.

Human Behavior was first posted on August 22, 2019 at 12:04 pm.
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