Individual source of resistance to change

Quiz

1 ________ are persons who act as catalysts and assume the responsibility for managing refinement activities.

Laggards
Whistle-blowers
Change agents
Free riders2 Confusion in who reports to whom is a weakness of which one of the following organizational structures?

Bureaucracy
Matrix
Boundaryless
Virtual3 A(n) __________ strategy emphasizes the introduction of major new products and services.

organic
cost-minimization
innovation
mechanistic4 Strategy of differentiation consists of which of the following?
Price, support, design
Sourcing strategies, processing strategies, delivering strategies
Upstream business strategy, midstream business strategy, downstream business strategy
Cost leadership, differentiation, cost focus5  ________ is a collection of change methods that seek to improve organizational effectiveness and employee well-being.

Organizational development
Operant conditioning
Organizational polarization
Organizational restructuring6 Which of the following factors is least likely to have an impact on organizational structure?

Strategy
Technology
Size
Location7 Decision making within which one of the following organizational structures follows a strict chain of command?

Virtual
Bureaucracy
Matrix
Boundaryless8 Which of the following is least likely to realize a competitive advantage for an organization?

Superior skills
Superior resources
Superior strategy
Superior position9 It is easiest for management to deal with resistance when it is

passive
overt
implicit
deferred10 Which of the following is the last step in Kotter’s eight-step plan for implementing change?

Establish a sense of urgency by creating a compelling reason for why change is needed.
Communicate the vision throughout the organization.
Reinforce the changes by demonstrating the relationship between new behaviors and organizational success.
Consolidate improvements, reassess changes, and make necessary adjustments in the new programs.11 Sometimes, businesses find it necessary to reconceive their core business. Which of the following would be the least effective strategy for doing so?

Business recombination
Core relocation
Business redefinition
Business customization12 Which of the following statements is true regarding innovation?

Interunit communication is low in innovative organizations.
Organic structures negatively influence innovation.
Innovation is nurtured when there is an abundance of resources.
Innovative organizations reward both successes and failures.13 Entering into various types of business ventures outside of the realm of an organization’s usual type of business is an example of a ________ strategy.

chain integration
diversification
customizing
Undifferentiating14 Which of the following is an example of an individual source of resistance to change?

Product orientation
Employee orientation
Structural inertia
Fear of the unknown15 Culture is most likely to be a liability when

the organization’s environment is dynamic
the organization scores low on the degree of formalization
the organization is highly centralized
the organization’s management is highly efficient16 A(n) ________ organization is an organization that takes on a life of its own, apart from its founders and members, and is valued for itself and not for the goods or services it produces.

centralized
matrix
virtual
institutionalized17 Which of the following is least likely to lend to a simple organizational structure?

Little departmentalization
Formalized rules and regulations
Centralized authority
Wide span of control18 Which of the following is the first step in Kotter’s eight-step plan for implementing change?

Form a coalition with enough power to lead change.
Create a new vision to direct the change and strategies for achieving the vision.
Plan for, create, and reward short-term “wins” that move the organization toward the new vision.
Establish a sense of urgency by creating a compelling reason for why change is needed.19Idea champions display characteristics associated with _________ leadership.

narcissistic
laissez-faire
autocratic
transformational20 Which of the following is typically a characteristic of the mechanistic model of organization?

Rigid departmentalization
Wide span of controls
Decentralized management
Low formalization21 Which of the following statements is true regarding the functions of culture in an organization?

It hinders the generation of commitment to something larger than individual self-interest among employees.
It reduces the stability of the organizational system.
It conveys a sense of identity for organization members.
It does not affect employees’ attitudes and behavior.22 The deemphasizing of hierarchical authority and control in organizational development is referred to as

vertical blending
horizontal integration
trust and support
power equalization23 Which of the following resistances to change is implicit?

Increased error
Strike
Complaint
Resignation24 The focus of a single segmentation within a scope strategy is known as a _______ strategy.

customizing
unsegmentation
segmentation
Niche25 Which of the following actions can extinguish risk taking and innovation?

Long tenure in management
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Encouraging experimentation
Using organic organizational structures

 
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