1 ________ are persons who act as catalysts and assume the responsibility for managing refinement activities.
Free riders2 Confusion in who reports to whom is a weakness of which one of the following organizational structures?
Virtual3 A(n) __________ strategy emphasizes the introduction of major new products and services.
mechanistic4 Strategy of differentiation consists of which of the following?
Price, support, design
Sourcing strategies, processing strategies, delivering strategies
Upstream business strategy, midstream business strategy, downstream business strategy
Cost leadership, differentiation, cost focus5 ________ is a collection of change methods that seek to improve organizational effectiveness and employee well-being.
Organizational restructuring6 Which of the following factors is least likely to have an impact on organizational structure?
Location7 Decision making within which one of the following organizational structures follows a strict chain of command?
Boundaryless8 Which of the following is least likely to realize a competitive advantage for an organization?
Superior position9 It is easiest for management to deal with resistance when it is
deferred10 Which of the following is the last step in Kotter’s eight-step plan for implementing change?
Establish a sense of urgency by creating a compelling reason for why change is needed.
Communicate the vision throughout the organization.
Reinforce the changes by demonstrating the relationship between new behaviors and organizational success.
Consolidate improvements, reassess changes, and make necessary adjustments in the new programs.11 Sometimes, businesses find it necessary to reconceive their core business. Which of the following would be the least effective strategy for doing so?
Business customization12 Which of the following statements is true regarding innovation?
Interunit communication is low in innovative organizations.
Organic structures negatively influence innovation.
Innovation is nurtured when there is an abundance of resources.
Innovative organizations reward both successes and failures.13 Entering into various types of business ventures outside of the realm of an organization’s usual type of business is an example of a ________ strategy.
Undifferentiating14 Which of the following is an example of an individual source of resistance to change?
Fear of the unknown15 Culture is most likely to be a liability when
the organization’s environment is dynamic
the organization scores low on the degree of formalization
the organization is highly centralized
the organization’s management is highly efficient16 A(n) ________ organization is an organization that takes on a life of its own, apart from its founders and members, and is valued for itself and not for the goods or services it produces.
institutionalized17 Which of the following is least likely to lend to a simple organizational structure?
Formalized rules and regulations
Wide span of control18 Which of the following is the first step in Kotter’s eight-step plan for implementing change?
Form a coalition with enough power to lead change.
Create a new vision to direct the change and strategies for achieving the vision.
Plan for, create, and reward short-term “wins” that move the organization toward the new vision.
Establish a sense of urgency by creating a compelling reason for why change is needed.19Idea champions display characteristics associated with _________ leadership.
transformational20 Which of the following is typically a characteristic of the mechanistic model of organization?
Wide span of controls
Low formalization21 Which of the following statements is true regarding the functions of culture in an organization?
It hinders the generation of commitment to something larger than individual self-interest among employees.
It reduces the stability of the organizational system.
It conveys a sense of identity for organization members.
It does not affect employees’ attitudes and behavior.22 The deemphasizing of hierarchical authority and control in organizational development is referred to as
trust and support
power equalization23 Which of the following resistances to change is implicit?
Resignation24 The focus of a single segmentation within a scope strategy is known as a _______ strategy.
Niche25 Which of the following actions can extinguish risk taking and innovation?
Long tenure in management
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Using organic organizational structures
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