# The Solar Cycle Directions You May Work Individually Or In A Group Of Size Up To

The Solar Cycle
Directions: You may work individually, or in a group of size up to four people. If you work in a group turn in one project for the whole group. Identify all variables, include units when appropriate. Use complete sentences and explain your reasoning. If your best fit curve in question 4 is not correct the project will be returned to you and will not be graded until that portion of the project is done correctly.
Part I – The Solar Cycle
Sunspots are temporary visible spots on the surface of the sun. Sunspots have a periodic variation that has a period of about 11 years. To learn more about sunspots you can watch this NOVA documentary online.
http://tinyurl.com/Math141SunspotVideo
In the table below is record of the average number of sunspots detected from 1965 to 2007
Source: Wikipedia
Year
Average number of sunspots
Year
Average number of sunspots
Year
Average number of sunspots
Year
Average number of sunspots
Year
Average number of sunspots
1965
15.1
1975
15.5
1985
18
1995
17.5
2005
29.8
1966
47
1976
12.6
1986
13.4
1996
8.6
2006
15.2
1967
93.8
1977
27.5
1987
29.4
1997
21.5
2007
7.5
1968
105.9
1978
92.5
1988
100.2
1998
64.3
1969
105.5
1979
155.4
1989
157.6
1999
93.3
1970
104.5
1980
154.6
1990
142.6
2000
119.6
1971
66.6
1981
140.5
1991
145.7
2001
111
1972
68.9
1982
115.9
1992
94.3
2002
104
1973
38
1983
66.8
1993
54.6
2003
63.7
1974
34.5
1984
45.7
1994
29.9
2004
40.4
Table 1 – Source: wolframalpha.com
1) Create a scatterplot for the sunspot data, include a proper title for your graph and label both your axes. Copy and paste your scatterplot into the space below. Do not include a trendline in this scatterplot.
2) From the scatterplot in part 1) estimate all the years in which there was a minimum of solar activity.
3) From the scatterplot in part 1) estimate all the years in which there was a maximum of solar activity.
4) Create a scatterplot with a best fit curve for the sunspot data. Estimate values for A, B, C, and D and then use the ‘Calculate Regression’ tool to find the Best curve. Include a proper title and label your axes. Copy and paste below.
5) Write down the equation for the best fit curve. Identify variables used, include units, round values to the nearest hundredth.
6) Using the best fit curve what is the average number of sunspots?
7) What does the model predict the period of sunspot activity is? Round your answer to the nearest hundredth.
8) Solar scientists have numbered each solar cycle. For example the solar cycle that began in about 1975 is solar cycle 21. The one that began in about 1986 is solar cycle 22. We are presently in solar cycle 24 which began in 2008. According to your model in what year will solar activity reach a maximum?
9) Use your model to predict the number of sunspots in that year.
10) Solar cycle 24 has been described as “the weakest in 100 years.” and “off to a sputtering start”. Use the data in the table below to explain why solar cycle 24 is described in this way.
Hint: You might want to use your model from earlier to predict the average number of sunspots for each year listed below.
http://tinyurl.com/Math141SunspotArticle
Year
Average number of
sunspots
2008
2.9
2009
3.1
2010
16.5
2011
55.7
2012
57.7
2013
65
2014
79
Table 2 – Source:  wolframalpha.com

“Looking for a Similar Assignment? Get Expert Help at an Amazing Discount!”

#### What Students Are Saying About Us

.......... Customer ID: 12*** | Rating: ⭐⭐⭐⭐⭐
"Honestly, I was afraid to send my paper to you, but splendidwritings.com proved they are a trustworthy service. My essay was done in less than a day, and I received a brilliant piece. I didn’t even believe it was my essay at first 🙂 Great job, thank you!"

.......... Customer ID: 14***| Rating: ⭐⭐⭐⭐⭐
"The company has some nice prices and good content. I ordered a term paper here and got a very good one. I'll keep ordering from this website."