Question 101 1 / 1 pointWhich of the following questions is most likely to be answered by a personality psychologist?Question options:a) At what age does usage of Internet social networks peak?b) How much of people’s personalities is reflected in their Facebook profiles?c) Will people above the age of sixty use the Internet?d) Does gender affect interest and participation in social networking sites?Question 102 1 / 1 pointAnna is conducting research to find out if people who interact extensively with other people via Facebook are more or less outgoing than those who do not. Anna is most likely a ______________ psychologist.Question options:a) personalityb) clinicalc) healthd) socialQuestion 103 1 / 1 point____________ sciences study the world of stars, light, waves, atoms, the earth, compounds, and molecules.Question options:a) Environmentalb) Biologicalc) Physicald) SocialQuestion 104 1 / 1 pointWhich of the following is NOT a basic process of the scientific method?Question options:a) Testingb) Interpretingc) Falsifyingd) ObservingQuestion 105 1 / 1 pointIn a(n) ____________, the answers are often open-ended and not constrained by the researcher.Question options:a) interviewb) case studyc) questionnaired) surveyQuestion 106 1 / 1 pointIn the fourth step of the scientific method, scientists use mathematical techniques to ____________ the results and determine whether they are significant and closely fit the prediction or not.Question options:a) testb) interpretc) observed) predictQuestion 107 1 / 1 pointA ____________ is a specific, informed, and testable prediction of what kind of outcome should occur under a particular condition.Question options:a) hypothesisb) theoryc) replicationd) variableView FeedbackQuestion 108 1 / 1 pointIn correlational designs, the basic question is:Question options:a) Is X related to Y?b) What is variable X?c) What is X an example of?d) How does X result in Y?Question 109 1 / 1 pointWhat is important while interpreting correlations?Question options:a) Correlation is necessary and sufficient for causation.b) Variable X is correlated with variable Y. Hence X causes Y.c) A correlation does not mean there is a causal relationship between the two variables.d) When one variable causes another, it is not necessarily correlated with it.Question 110 1 / 1 pointThe ____________ variable is the outcome, or response to the experimental manipulation.Question options:a) dependentb) experimentalc) categoricald) predictorQuestion 111 1 / 1 pointDr. Bischer is conducting a study to determine if men who wear a new type of soccer uniform made from a specially designed fabric will perform better in soccer matches. She recruits a professional soccer team to participate. She randomly assigns half of the men to wear the new-material uniforms made in the color blue and the other half to wear old-material uniforms made in the color red. Although the men know of the uniform test, they are not told which of the uniforms is made from the new material. They are asked to wear their assigned uniforms and score as many goals as possible in a practice game against one another. Dr. Bischer is noting the number of goals scored. Ultimately, the men who are wearing the old uniforms score more goals and therefore win the game. Dr. Bischer speculates that the new uniforms are not more beneficial to performance than the old uniforms, but she will rerun her study a few more times.From a scientific viewpoint, why was it important for Dr. Bischer to randomly assign the men to wear new uniforms or old uniforms?Question options:a) Some of the men who could not participate that day were then used as a control group, and she wanted to make sure she had an even number of new and old uniforms left over.b) She wanted the men to feel they all had a chance of wearing their old uniforms, in which they would likely be more comfortable.c) She wanted to ensure that the two groups were, on average, similar in ability and motivation, so that any differences in the end would be due to the experimental manipulation.d) Some of the men will feel it was unfair that they did not get new uniforms and will not be motivated to be competitive—in this case, therefore, the uniform assigned was simply the luck of the draw.Question 112 1 / 1 pointClients undergoing treatment for phobic disorder agree to participate in a clinical trial of a new antidepressant medication. The clients are randomly divided into two groups. Both receive pills to take on a daily basis, but only one of the groups receives pills with the newly produced, active ingredients. The other group’s pills contain no active ingredients. In this study, the group that receives the pills that do not contain the active ingredients is called a(n) ____________.Question options:a) control groupb) sham-operated groupc) treatment groupd) experimental groupQuestion 113 1 / 1 pointThe tool used to assess thought or behavior is called a ____________.Question options:a) sample spaceb) subsetc) measured) non-empty setQuestion 114 1 / 1 point____________ allow us to determine how likely it is that two or more samples came from the same population.Question options:a) Inferential statisticsb) Descriptive statisticsc) Statistical inferencesd) Predictive inferencesQuestion 115 1 / 1 pointThe ____________ is the number of times a particular score occurs in a set of data.Question options:a) percentileb) frequencyc) varianced) standard deviationQuestion 116 1 / 1 pointWhich of the following is true of Stanley Milgram’s famous study of obedience?Question options:a) It showed how psychologists chose to manipulate theories to suit their conclusions.b) It explained many aspects of learner-teacher interactions.c) Although it yielded powerful results, it placed great distress on participants.d) It showed how people are quick to make judgments about groups.Question 117 1 / 1 pointWhen does an individual attain a flow state?Question options:a) When he/she thrives in his/her ability to rise to the occasion of challenging tasks.b) When he/she is able to maintain focused awareness on a target.c) When he/she is barely awake or aware but shows some deliberate movements.d) When he/she recollects material that is potentially accessible but not currently available to awareness.Question 118 1 / 1 pointWhich of the following describes the interrelation of concentration and attention?Question options:a) the cognitive load theoryb) the global workspace modelc) the perceptual load modeld) Baddeley’s modelQuestion 119 1 / 1 pointWhen an individual engages in synchronization, he/she:Question options:a) has a conscious experience.b) has a subconscious experience.c) hallucinates.d) becomes unconscious.Question 120 1 / 1 pointThe body’s biological clock is located in the:Question options:a) thalamus.b) pineal gland.c) hypothalamus.d) pituitary gland.Question 121 1 / 1 pointHow many stages are there to non-REM sleep?Question options:a) fourb) threec) fived) sixQuestion 122 1 / 1 pointWhy does sleep enhance learning and memory?Question options:a) It increases hormonal growth in the brain.b) It increases polyclonal response in the brain.c) It increases humoral growth in the brain.d) It increases neural growth in the brain.Question 123 1 / 1 pointWhich of the following is released in the brain when one feels sociable and affectionate?Question options:a) endorphinb) dopaminec) estrogend) serotoninQuestion 124 1 / 1 point Which of the following is considered a field of applied psychology?Question options:a) Organizational psychologyb) Human factors psychologyc) Personnel psychologyd) All of the aboveApplied Psychology: Personnel PsychologyQuestion 125 1 / 1 point Which of the following assessment tools is considered a primary means of evaluating job applicants and a stronger predictor of productivity?Question options:a) Structured interviewsb) Projective testsc) Unstructured interviewsd) Handwriting testsQuestion 126 1 / 1 point When appraisal ratings are based on the employee’s most current performance and not performance throughout the year, it is possible that the appraisal may have contained what?Question options:a) Halo biasesb) Leniency biasesc) Recency biasesd) Severity biasesQuestion 127 1 / 1 point Of the following employees, who is most likely “job satisfied?”Question options:a) Avery: has not missed a day of work but is unproductiveb) Pete: has missed ten days of work and experienced one accident that kept him out of the work environment for ten daysc) Jim: has not missed a day of work in the last 3 years and has not experienced a work related accidentd) Bellamy: has missed two weeks and wants to resign from the jobQuestion 128 1 / 1 point Which of the following characteristics is associated with job satisfaction?Question options:a) Low absenteeismb) An increase in productivityc) Experiences fewer work related accidentsd) All of the choices are characteristics associated with job satisfactionQuestion 129 1 / 1 pointJerry has difficulty reading the dashboard controls on his new car. According to a human factors psychologist, Jerry has a problem with _______________.Question options:a) voice effectsb) intelligence testsc) simulated tasksd) usabilityQuestion 130 1 / 1 pointEnvironmental psychologists have identified “at risk” behaviors among persons from developing countries. Which of the following are “at risk” behaviors?Question options:a) They exhaust planet resources and do not replace themb) They display poor agricultural techniquesc) They pollute water suppliesd) All of the above
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